Carb fear in America and the UK is a very real phenomenon. "[It's] becoming a country that is starting to fear carbohydrates in the same way [it] did fat," says certified nutritionist Dana James of the U.S. Whereas 25 years ago, skim milk and low-fat foods were on everyone's grocery list, now we're obsessed with all things gluten-free and Paleo. Personally, I know at least half a dozen people who will eat a nine-ounce serving of steak but won't touch a dinner roll. We've come to believe that carbs are the enemy of weight loss and that as long as we avoid them, we're doing the right thing.
But according to James as well as Stephanie Taibe, nutritionist at Find Your Trainer, putting a global ban on carbs is misguided. In short, you don't need to cut out carbs. Actually, avoiding them altogether could be your biggest diet mistake.
Want to know the truth about carbs and weight loss once and for all? Keep scrolling to find out.
Let's start with the basics. If carbs aren't the enemy, then remind us, what are they? "Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are all macronutrients found in food that break down in the body," Taibe explains. People fear carbs because we're simply told that they contribute to weight gain, but according to Taibe, what many fail to realise is that "carbs are everywhere, even in fruits and vegetables." If you avoid carbs entirely, you might be missing out on essential sources of fibre, vitamins, and energy. "It's not a macronutrient to be afraid of," Taibe says.
As for the weight-loss discussion, think about it this way: Carb-phobia has encouraged many of us to reach for foods marketed as "low-carb" and "gluten-free." These foods often use fat as the filler, says James. For example, "low-carb, gluten-free bread (aka Paleo bread) is made with almond flour or coconut flour with about the same amount of calories, which still count," she says. "I’ve worked with various women whom I've told to add carbs back into their diet to stimulate fat loss because they’ve been carb-deprived for months!"
In other words, nixing carbs from your diet altogether is not a sustainable weight-loss strategy. If you crave fruit, bread, or pasta, don't reach for the version marketed as "low-carb." As long as you're eating in moderation, it's better for your weight loss efforts just to eat the real thing.
If you're still not convinced, look at it like this: "Carbs are important because they translate as energy," Taibe says. "This is important post-workout, for example. Carbs are necessary to restore and replenish."
That is to say, if you're depriving yourself of carbs, odds are you're deprived of energy. This means you are more likely to use caffeine to perk yourself up. Needless to say, replacing food with coffee and Diet Coke is not sustainable. "When you need substantial energy that will last, reach for carbs," says Taibe.
That said, if you binge on carbohydrates, weight gain can follow (just as if you were to binge on meat or cheese or anything else). "If you eat too much bread, pasta, cereal, and bagels, you are likely to gain weight," says James. Excess carbs do ultimately convert to fat.
But it's important to distinguish whole carbohydrates from processed carbs. "Blue potatoes, quinoa, and chickpeas (which are more carb than protein) are different than bread, cakes, and cookies," James explains. The former, which are whole carbs, provide your body with vital nutrients, like magnesium, anthocyanins, zinc, and iron. The latter, which are processed carbs, rob your body of nutrients. They also often contain heaps of refined sugar and salt. If you're truly concerned about weight gain, hyperprocessed foods, not carbs, should be on your list of what not to eat.
Ultimately, James sums it all up like this: "There's an art to weight loss and carbs." If you eat the right amounts of the right kind, you will lose weight. If you eat too much, especially of the icky processed kind, you'll likely gain.
But the word "carbs" should not be a dirty one. Carbohydrates in and of themselves will not make you fat. So go ahead, have that roll from the bread basket before your salad comes. Your waistline will never know.
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For more diet tips take a look at how you can turbocharge your workouts with these PT-approved tips.